As the Ministry of Education and Sports under the able leadership and guidance of the first lady and Minister of Education and Sports makes very good changes in the education system of Uganda, I would like to high light the achievements of the sector during the year 2012-2016.
Primary school enrolment increased from about 8.3 million in 2012 to about 8.7 million pupils in 2016. However, 2014 registered the highest enrollment of 8.8 million in the five-year period. As a result gross intake ratio was 117 in 2014 but fell to 109 in 2015. NER stood at 91 percent in 2015 compared to 97 percent in 2014.
Pupil Enrolment by classgenerally, was higher in lower classes (P1 to P5) and it gradually reduced as pupils’ progress to higher classes across the 7 years
In 2016, about 12.4 percent (1,073,569) of pupils enrolled were orphans; the proportion of orphaned pupils among primary school pupils has steadily declined over the Five years: 2015, 11.6 percent-956,972 pupils, 2014-1,156,856 pupils representing 13.2 percent. 2013- 1,237,431 pupils representing 14.6 percent, 2012- 1,256,172 pupils making 15.1 percent.
On Education Facilities,More than two thirds of pupils attending primary school had adequate sitting space. Furthermore, a lower proportion of pupils in lower classes had adequate space compared to those in upper classes. If we look at only 2016 enrolment from p1-p7 we had 8,655,924 pupils enrolled, 5,895,742 pupils with adequate space representing 68.1 percent of the total share of pupils with adequate space and total enrolment.
Passing PLE in Division I-IV is a requirement for entry into secondary education. 87 percent of pupils passed PLE in 2016, yielding a performance index of about 55 percent. Specifically, male pupils recorded a higher performance index of 58 percent compared to that of females of 52 percent.
The primary school completion rate is the percentage of pupils completing the last year of primary school. Only 62 percent of the pupils who were enrolled into Primary seven (P.7), completed. The transition rate to senior one (S.1) was 65 percent in 2016, an increase from 63 percent in 2015.
Two-thirds (66 percent) of primary school teachers were Grade III Teachers followed by those with a Diploma in Primary Education (17 percent) while 2 percent were licensed. About 57 percent of primary school teachers were males while 43 percent were females in 2016.
A general increase in secondary school enrolment (about 14 percent was registered between 2015 and 2016). The Student Teacher Ratio remained the same at 22 over the years (2012-2016) with a decline between 2012 and 2013.
1,457,277 students were enrolled in school at secondary level in 2016. However, this enrolment was generally higher in lower classes but this gradually reduced for higher classes
235,443 students were orphans in 2016, with more male than females. Furthermore, the proportion of orphaned secondary school students declined by 0.7 percent in 2016. However, in comparison to previous years, the proportion of orphaned students was much higher with 2012 having the highest of about 20 percent
In 2016, most of the secondary school teachers (52 percent) were graduates (29,939) followed by Grade V teachers-24,314 (42 percent) while only four percent (640) were licensed teachers. Regardless of the qualification, there are more male-43,625 (75 percent) compared to female teachers-14,322 (25 percent).
96 percent of the 316, 624 students who sat for Uganda Certificate of Education (UCE) exams in 2016 passed. The pass rates and performance index were higher for male students 97 percent and 40 percent, respectively compared to their female counterparts 95 percent and 38 percent, respectively.
86 percent of the 102,858 students who sat Uganda Advanced Certificate of Education (UACE) exams in 2016 passed, with a majority attaining 3 principal passes (39,844). Furthermore the pass rate was higher among females (89 percent) compared to males (84 percent) at ‘A’ Level.
The transition rate to S.5 in 2016 was only 30 percent an increase from 25 percent in 2015. In both instances, male students were more likely to complete S.4 as well as transition to S.5 compared to their female counterparts.
In 2016 the enrolment at Tertiary level was 258,866 of which 72 percent were in Universities. The proportion of males (56 percent) enrolled in higher institutions of learning was higher than that of females (44 percent). In terms of trends, enrollment at the Tertiary level increased significantly by 31 percent from 198,066 in 2012 to 258,866 students in 2016.
The Business Technical Vocational Education and Training (BTVET) sector aims at addressing the technical skills gap in the country and provides skills to persons that completed or dropped out of school (at any level) as well as unemployed youths. There were 129 BTVET institutions in which 63,209 students were enrolled, with more male (36,960) than female (26,249) students.
Literacy is the ability to read and write meaningfully in any language. The literacy rate among persons aged 10 years and above has generally increased over time from 2002 to 2015 with about seven (7) in ten (10) of the persons literate. Females were found to be more literate than their male counterparts with a literacy rate of 77 in 2002 percent and 66 percent in 2014, respectively.
The National Assessment of Progress in Education tests for pupils competencies in Literacy and Numeracy for primary pupils while for secondary students’ assessment was on Biology, mathematics and English to determine how well students are learning.
There was an increasing trend in the literacy rate for P.3 pupils although there was a decline from 2014 to 2015 by 4 percent with girls having a higher rate. P6 Literacy rate has declined though a 12 percent increase was observed 2014 to 2015. The Numeracy rate for P.3 pupils reduced drastically by about nine percent from 2012 to 2013 then increased to 72 percent. However, a notable decline was observed in the Numeracy rate for P.6 pupils from 46 percent in 2012 to 39 percent in 2016
At Secondary level, the scores revealed that 21 percent of the students were proficient in Biology with more males in 2014 in every 10 students were rated proficient in mathematics, a five percent decline from 2013. There was however an increase in English proficiency to 49 percent in 2014.
With these big numbers in performance from enrolment at primary level to tertiary institutions, a lot is being done by the sector to handle and greatly enhance the achievement so far scored.
Namayanja Rose Nsereko
National Treasurer- NRM